Abstract: There are two main differences between law and sociology in their approach to understanding and applying intersectionality. The first difference is the understandings of the ‘additive approach’ and how it is different from ‘intersectional approach’. Academic debates in law, treat intersectional approach at a slower pace compared to advances in the field of intersectionality studies in sociology. The second difference is related to law and sociology’s treatment of power as a relational concept. Sociology has dealt with the multiplicity of discrimination and relationality as a core idea of intersectionality in a more constructive, dynamic, and relational way than law. In order to conclude the debate, two important aspects of intersectionality could be strengthened in either discipline in order to reduce these gaps and bring the understanding of intersectionality closer to each other. In particular, paying more attention to ‘privileged positioning’ and focusing on intersectionality as ‘methodology’ would be helpful.
Bio: Shiva Bazargan (University of Shahid Beheshti) is researching intersectionality theory and its impact on anti-discrimination law with an emphasis on Iranian women. She holds a bachelor's degree in Law from Tabriz University and a master’s degree in Public Law from the University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran. She was a fellow at University of Amsterdam researching intersectionality literature in European law.